During 1879 1883 chile fought a war with peru and bolivia for possession of the coastal strip along the pacific ocean that divided them it is a conflict that barely registers in the us historical consciousness but the fighting featured difficult battlefields and some extraordinary examples of expeditionary warfare. 6a7137 armies of the war of the pacific 1879 83 chile peru bolivia men at arms during 1879 1883 chile fought a war with peru and bolivia for possession of the coastal strip along the pacific ocean that divided them it is a. Peru bound to bolivia by their secret treaty of alliance from 1873 tried to mediate but on 1 march 1879 bolivia declared war on chile and called on peru to activate their alliance while chile demanded that peru declare its neutrality on april 5 after peru refused this chile declared war on both nations. The war ended in total victory for chile and that countrys military emergence thereafter as the prussia of south america while it cost peru some lucrative provinces and bolivia its outlet to the pacific coast. The war of the pacific ranks right up there with the war of the triple alliance and the chaco war as far as its significance in south american history this war pit chile small but with professional forces against an alliance consisting of peru and bolivia larger in territory and population but with less stable governments
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